LEDs (light emitting diode) have been taking the lighting world by storm appearing in taillights, traffic signals and the like. However what is interesting is how the “micro” aspects of these individual LEDs grouped together form a “macro” object such as a taillight.
Why this is important, is if we just look back at prior taillight designs for example, we would find an incandescent bulb the stalwart of the industry for some 100 years which may have with its MTBF (mean time between failure) of a couple thousand hours. Whereas an LED can reasonably range up to 1,000,000 hours and if this isn’t enough of a disruptive incentive, we have (in the taillight “package”) aggregated some 30 discreet units (LEDs) together to form one assembly (taillight). Herein, we have averaged the affect of failure even further down in that even a DOA (dead on arrival) “element” (LED in this case) doesn’t impact the whole assembly.
What is the importance of this? The answer is a lot, as you think of entire value chain which supported the incandescent taillight at one time. Whereas you had the mechanic who installed the unit, the auto-parts vendor who sold it, the wholesaler who stocked it and so on down the supply chain. This one change while appearing very simple is actually very disruptive sociologically as by function, it has removed “value” and therefore effluence from the “economic” system which will not be returned.
Also to consider in this loop is the LED is a “common” element in the design, whereas in the case of the incandescent bulb, it could change from model year or vehicle type. This “consolidating” effect will create a second embedded balancing loop inside of the first major loop accelerating the intensity of the change. What other application of Micro to Macro do know of, or can think up?